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Tuesday, October 5, 2010

Wallacea Fauna

The Wallacea biogeographical zone represents the transition between the Sundaland in the west and the Australasian region to the east. This area includes approximately 338 494 square kilometers, divided into several small islands in total. Because of its geography, diverse and from this region include many endemic species and unique flora and fauna in a number of different ecological regions, mountains and plains of Sulawesi, North Maluku, divided Buru Seram in the Moluccas and the Sunda Islands (Sumba an ecoregion in his own right), Timor and the islands in the Banda Sea.

The Wallacea has a total of 223 species of native mammals. 126 of them are endemic to this region. An astonishing 124 species of bats in this area. Sulawesi, the largest island in this area has the largest number of mammals. 136 species to be exact, including 82 species and a quarter of the genera are endemic. notable species such as anoa babirusa and live on this island. At least seven species of monkeys, and at least five species of tarsier are also unique to this island.

650 bird species can be found in Wallacea, including 265 species are endemic. Among the 235 species represented, 26 of them endemic. 16 genera are restricted to Sulawesi and surrounding islands. Approximately 356 species including 96 endemic bird species live on the island of Sulawesi. The first is the Maleo, a bird now threatened, as are full in the Wallacea.

Reptiles and Amphibians
With 222 species, of which 99 are endemic to Wallacea has a high diversity of reptiles. These include 118 species of lizards, of which 60 are endemic, 98 species of snakes, of which 37 are endemic, and five species of turtles, two of which are endemic, and a kind of crocodile, alligator Pacific Indus. Three genera endemic snake found only in this region: Calamorhabdium and Rabdion Cyclotyphlops. One of the most famous reptile Wallacea is probably the Komodo dragon, which is known only from the islands of Komodo, Padar, Rinca and the western tip of Flores.

58 native amphibian species in Wallacea, of which 32 are endemic. They are a fascinating blend of Indo-Malaya and Australasia frog tag.

There are about 310 species of fish in rivers and lakes Wallacea recorded, 75 species are endemic. Although little is known about the fish in the Moluccas and the Sunda Islands, 6 species are recorded as endemic. In Sulawesi, there are 69 known species of which 53 are endemic. Malili lakes in the south of Sulawesi, with its complex telmatherinid deep lakes, streams and rivers, at least 15 endemic fish, what two of them endemic genera, three endemic latipes, endemic two laces and seven endemic gobies.

There are about 82 species of butterfly wings of a bird in Wallacea included are 44 of them endemic. 109 species of beetles Tigers also recorded in this region, 79 are endemic. One of the most striking is probably the largest in the world of bees in North Maluku, an error, in which women reach up to four inches long. This species nests of bees inhabited community in the termite in the trees in lowland forests.

About 50 endemic mollusks, three species of endemic crayfish, and a number of endemic species of shrimp are also known in the Wallacea.

1 comment:

  1. Great post, love it! haha Anyway, today I had a big luck and want to share it with everyone - I finally found a way to make cheap calls to my cousin Becky in India:

    If you're in the UK like me, you can call cheaply to India and all over the world! :)